A seizure, also known as convulsion or fit can be caused by disruption to the electrical activity in the brain, which may lead to uncontrollable contractions in muscles and unresponsiveness. If a seizure occurs the most common causes is epilepsy but it can be caused by other things such as alcohol poisoning, a lack of oxygen, after a head injury, after taking certain drugs, or if someone with diabetes having a hypo where the blood glucose is too low. When someone is having a seizure you may find they have a sudden loss of responsiveness, rigid body with arching back, noisy and difficult breathing, convulsive, jerky uncontrolled movements saliva at the mouth which could be blood-stained if they’ve bitten their tongue or cheek. Possible loss of bladder or bowel control. Afterwards they may be confused, tired and fall into a deep sleep If you suspect someone is having a seizure it’s important to protect them from harming themselves during the fit. Clear away any potential dangerous objects like hot drinks or sharp objects.
Don’t restrain or move them make a note of the time when seizures started and how long it lasts. Protect their head by placing something soft underneath or around it, like a towel and loosen any clothing around their neck. Once the seizure has stopped, open airway and check their breathing. If they’re breathing, put them into the recovery position If they stop breathing at any point, prepare to treat someone who is unresponsive and not breathing monitoring the level of response. Call 999 or 112 for emergency help if: it’s the person’s first seizure, the cause is unknown, they’re having repeated seizures, their seizure lasts more than five minutes they are unresponsive for more than 10 minutes, or they’ve sustained an injury. So remember, protect but don’t restrain them Call 999 or 112 and that’s how you help someone who’s having a seizure.
First Aid: Diabetic Dizzy Spells
Diabetes is a disease in which the body is not able to properly regulate blood sugar levels when there is too much blood sugar present, or, not enough, the victim may experience dizzy spells When confronted by a diabetic person suffering a dizzy spell, always ask first to make sure that the victim is diabetic If the victim can no longer treat themselves without assistance, two scenarios can play out:
SCENARIO 1: Victim conscious Scenario 1: The victim is sufficiently conscious and lucid so as to eat or drink.
- Sit the victim down In this instance, help the victim sit down.
- Give them sugar give them some sugar – such as food or a sugary drink Indeed, if you are not certain that the dizzy spell is related to either a lack of, or an excess of sugar, assume that it is a lack of sugar since in this case, the victim’s life is at stake Once the dizzy spell has passed, let the victim rest and seek medical assistance.
SCENARIO 2: Victim unconscious or confused. Scenario 2: The victim has lost consciousness or is confused In this situation you will not be able to give the victim any sugar.
- Recovery position Place the victim in the recovery position.
- Alert the emergency services and call the emergency services immediately.