An AED is a life saving device that can give your heart an electric shock when it has stopped in a cardiac arrest. AED is short for ‘Automated External Defibrillator’. An AED can be used on adults and children over 1 year old. Using an AED in crucial minutes before an ambulance arrives can increase someone’s chance of survival. Anyone can use an AED. You don’t need to be worried about getting it wrong or causing harm, because the machine analyses the casualty’s heart’s beat rhythm and gives visual and voice prompts to guide you through each step. If someone is unresponsive and not breathing normally, ask someone to call 999 or 112 for emergency help.
Ask them to bring an AED if one is available. If you are alone, make the emergency call yourself on a mobile phone or on speakerphone and start CPR with chest compressions. Do not leave the casualty to look for an AED. Keep doing CPR until someone brings an AED. As soon as the AED arrives, ask for it to be switched on while CPR is continued. If someone is with you, ask them to follow the instructions until emergency help arrives. Call for help now. Remove all clothing from patient’s chest. Pull red handle to open bag. Look at pictures on pads. Peel one pad off blue plastic. Apply pad to bare skin exactly as shown in the picture. Press pad firmly. Peel other pad off blue plastic. Apply pad to bare skin exactly as shown in the picture. Evaluating heart rhythm. Stop compressions Susan, stand back. Stand by.
Preparing to shock. Stand clear everyone! Everyone clear. Do not touch patient. Stand back. Delivering shock. *AED beeps* Shock delivered. Provide chest compressions and rescue breaths. The AED will instruct you to continue CPR for two minutes before it re-analyses. The AED could say ‘no shock advised, continue CPR’. If the casualty shows signs of becoming responsive, place them in the recovery position. Leave the AED attached. So remember: when using an AED, call 999 or 112 for emergency help. Continue giving CPR when the AED arrives, and keep going while the pads are applied if possible. Ensure that the pads are placed on the chest after clothing has been cleared or cut away. Ask for the AED to be switched on and follow the instructions. Ask people to stand back when the AED is analysing and when any shocks are being delivered.
First Aid: Abdominal Wound
1 – Call the emergency services – Call the emergency services immediately.
2 – Lay the casualty on their back – Place the casualty in a comfortable position, preferably on their back with their knees flexed to relax the abdominal muscles and ease the pain.
3 – Cover the wound – Cover the wound with a clean dressing or cloth. The best option is to place sterile gauze pads over the wound, taping three sides only and leaving the fourth open.
4 – Cover the victim Cover the casualty to prevent them from going into shock. If there is a foreign object in the wound, do not try to remove it. If the wound is bleeding profusely, apply pressure on the dressing to stem the flow. If the wound is open and the intestines are protruding, cover them with moist sterile dressings. Do not attempt to push them back in.