Game Theory: Star Wars Lightsaber Vs Halo Energy Sword

Not as clumsy or random as a blaster.
An elegant weapon for a more civilized age. Well what do you have to say about that
video games? Wort wort wort. Hello internet, welcome to game theory
where to answer all your questions one more time the red in the logo is not a
reference to the Xbox red ring of death. Why would I do that? As some sort of
weekly warning against the hubris of game console manufacturers? As a loving
reminder of all those times you had to cuddle your xbox 360 under a blanket in
a last-ditch effort to get it to function? Nope it’s just a reference to
my other channel film theory which has red in that part of the logo. Oh it makes so much sense now. And lately on film theory I, like the
rest of the internet, have been covering a lot of star wars which means my mind
has been swimming in Jedi battles and galactic terrorism as of late. Which leads
us to today’s episode because as I was researching the physics of the
lightsaber, I couldn’t help but think about another
iconic weapon, one we all know and love from gaming, the Halo energy sword, and
once I really started thinking about it I couldn’t shake how similar these two
weapons actually are. I mean seriously these aren’t just two
iconic laser sword weapons they’re more like brothers from different mothers but
as it is with all twin brothers now that they’ve finally been reunited we’re
gonna have to decide right here and right now which one would win in a fight. Right? that’s a thing that siblings do? I’m
an only child so I don’t really know. I’m assuming that’s a thing though and
before we get too far I want to make it absolutely clear that this theory is
exclusively focused on the weapons alone not the characters who wield them. Were
we to open the door to that well then we’d have to talk about
midi-chlorians and no one wants to talk about midi-chlorians. Not even star wars
apparently, so in order to start comparing the weapons and decide which
one would win in a fight we need to understand how they would potentially
work in the real world. When it comes to the energy sword, Halo has already done
most of the work for us. According to the Halo encyclopedia, the
blades of the weapon are made of plasma contained around the edge of the sword
by magnetic fields. Now we’ve talked about plasma before on Film Theory since its the closest real-world basis for all of Dragon Balls energy attacks, but just to
catch everyone plasma is the most abundant form of matter making up ninety nine percent of the
universe but what is it? You know how when you heat up a solid it melts and becomes a liquid and then you heat it up a bit more and it
becomes a gas. Well if you heat the gas even more it becomes plasma. We’re most
familiar with it in the form of lightning, stars and fluorescent bulbs
but basically by heating the gas the electrons in the atoms get so excited
that they break away. This creates a soup of negatively
charged electrons floating around alongside positively charged ions. The
Halo energy sword then at its most basic level takes this soup and controls it
using magnets, shaping the superheated gas around the blades of the weapon but
what’s an energy sword without energy? Well it’s actually just a sword. Yeah. And that’s why batteries are
included. Haha, puberty. And that’s why batteries are
included in each new weapon, suck on that Mattel, the future is now. Changing a gas to a
plasma takes a lot of energy so the battery enables this to happen by shooting
an electric current through the gas allowing it to change its state
in much the same way that a plasma cutter works and thus you have your
battery operated death sword. A pretty cool thing to look forward to in the future
right? Not really, plasma blades are something
being rolled out in medicine for things like surgery as we speak so this idea isn’t so much science
fiction as it is just plain old science. Explaining the lightsaber though is
actually a bit trickier since, well, it’s neither light nor saber. Let’s
take it one at a time, light is made up of particles known as photons, they’re constantly flying all over the
universe they have no mass and generally don’t react with one another. That’s why you can cross flashlight
beams with no difference in the light that’s being produced. Sure I suppose you could shoot light
through a cloud of super cold rubidium gas which gets the photons to act more
like molecules creating a new state of matter called photonic molecules but
it’s a fringe case that’s still being tested by science and seriously who do
we think we are? German experimental physicist Gustav Ludwig Hertz come on,
we’re not. The other problem with lightsabers made
of light is that currently science has a hard time telling photons when to stop
moving. So if a lightsaber were truly made of light and without a mirror or something
at the end of the sword to stop the beam, it would extend a much longer distance
than a few feet. I guess in that case you wouldn’t have
to compare sizes though. And I see your sword is as big as mine. And again, just like high-powered
flashlights or lasers, a lightsaber of light would’nt actually clash with another
lightsaber they would just pass through each other and you would shine it in
each other’s eyes hoping to cause like night blindness. Pew, pew pew. Shine it in your eyes! Oh its so bright! Ow ow ow! So anyway, it’s not a lightsaber nor is it a laser saber, then what is it? Well more likely than not
it’s a plasma saber but again not a saber either since a saber is a calvary
sword with a curved blade and one cutting edge. Curve, nope. Only one cutting edge? I dare you to
touch that thing so more like a short sword. No that’s not
right. Plasma woo swoo sword. Plasma eppé?
Plasma rapier? Plasma katana. You know there’s really no sword like
equivalent to a lightsaber honestly it’s more like plasma
bludgeoning stick. But why plasma well currently the same
system operating the energy sword makes the most sense for the lightsaber. A
magnetic field shaping a super heated tube of gas. Midi-chlorians or no the behavior lines
up, in Star Wars Episode 1 – The Phantom Menace qui-gon jinn uses his lightsaber
to melt through a blast door, meaning the lightsaber is getting above 2500 degrees
Fahrenheit or thirteen seventy degrees Celsius now look at the temperature of plasma.
Even quote unquote cold plasma is several thousand degrees celsius so it
would have no problem accomplishing this task. What about different colors of lightsaber? Well the different colors of gas used to form the plasma could create the
rainbow of colours you see in lightsabers, helium for Mace Windu to produce
his purple color, argon for Darth Maul and his dark red sabre and CF4 Luke
Skywalker’s heroic blue and because plasma is an actual state of matter unlike a blade of light here the Sabres
would clash. Just like you see throughout the iconic
sword battles in the movies and games. This idea is also supported by
theoretical physicist and all-around scientific badass Dr. Michio Kaku and if you needed any
further proof although the movies don’t ever mention
plasma the games do. To quote Star Wars: The Old Republic the weapon consists of
a blade of pure plasma energy emitted from the metal hilt and suspended in
a force contained field. Boom! Decades of cannon for this
classic film series and yet it’s the games where we get the most information
about how these iconic weapons would work. Video games for the win, long story short
when you actually look at the science the lightsaber and energy sword are one
in the same so if they’re basically the same device
which one would win? Well as similar as the tech behind them
is these blades could’nt be designed anymore differently unless your name is either kylo Ren or
Darth Maul the lightsaber blade tends to be a relatively thin and modest rod of
variable length while the energy sword is actually two triangular blades with an
opening that runs down into the center towards the quote unquote hilts. So which design comes out on top? Because
lightsabers have a more basic and variable design it opens up a lot of
different fighting styles and since the blade is plasma all the weight is in the
hilt. According to the now legendary article
called fightsaber from issue 62 of the Star Wars insider and the jedi academy
training manual we know that there are seven main styles of lightsaber combat.
Each style has its own emphasis on specific tactics or defensive techniques but one commonality across nearly all of them is an emphasis on amputation moves
strokes that will sever limbs, most notable of these is the cho mai strike
which single-handedly resulted in so many single hands in the Star Wars
universe. Badum ching. Even the Wampa, come on! The Wampa!
Poor thing. For the energy sword it’s a bit more complicated because there’s so much less information on the way elites actually use it to fight but we can put
together a good guess based on history and its design. Firstly let’s look at the gap between
the two sides of the blade, the gap always narrows almost to the point of
touching just before you get to the area where your hand is, as if the opponent’s blade is meant to slide right into that slot and that’s exactly right. This split structure allows the fighter
to trap their opponents blade so the elite can twist it either disarming the
enemy or leaving them open for the killing blow. It’s an idea that’s been proven
throughout history, most notably by the parrying daggers from the late Middle
Ages and early Renaissance. For instance take a look at this 16th
century German trident dagger who’s blade springs
open in to 3 precisely because trapping the opponent’s blade is such a good idea. Like a Schick razor commercial, why have one
blade when you can have seven? No one suspects the trident dagger or look at
the sword breakers which had small teeth like a cone near the hilt where an
opponent’s sword would slide in and get stuck. So it’s an offensive weapon that also
has defensive properties but the other benefit of the energy sword is that both
sides of the blades extend almost completely around the wielders hand. Even extending down beyond the wrist into sharpened points, in a battle with a
straight lightsaber used mostly for disarming or should I say dis
handing the opponent this design detail is a huge benefit to the energy sword. It
almost makes it seem like the energy sword was designed specifically as a
counter to the cho mai strikes of the lightsaber. So when it comes strictly to design the win has to go to Halo. So then that’s it right? It would look
like the Halo energy sword is the winner based on its design. Well there’s one big issue we haven’t
explored yet. Better check your CNET review score on that new plasma
sword my friends because just like most other portable electronics in the end it
comes down to the battery life. You heard that right! Break out the
charging stations for your beam swords these things need some energy sources. Deep in the extended universe floor it’s
revealed that during the ancient history of Star Wars, lightsabers had to be
powered through an extension cord that was connected to a bulky battery pack
worn on the Jedi’s belt. These would go on to be known as protosabers and man, can you think about how lame battles in the movies would be if they
were still using these guys? I mean just cut the cord or force grab the battery
pack and all your opponent is left with is a handle. Eventually the design
evolved into what we know today with the power source moving into the hilt and
now you’ve got fights like duel of the fates from Phantom Menace where Jedi are
fighting for what seems like several hours at a time but even still Padawans
wanted that protosaber. According to the jedi academy training manual a member of luke skywalker’s Jedi
Order actually went on to revive the protosaber. That’s right it’s the definition of the
Jedi hipster. Oh, ah the retro way was so much better let’s bring this thing back even though
it’s clearly inferior to what we currently have. This could potentially
even show up in the new movies this character was an order of Luke’s
Jedi Order after all wouldn’t that be just, just so weird I
hope he also wears like, flannel robes and thick rimmed glasses that don’t actually
have a prescription in them maybe some tight Jedi leggings leggings. Jeggings. Anyway that said even the most poultry
battery life of a lightsaber would trounce that of the energy sword which
lasts as all you Halo fans know ten whopping swings before your left
weaponless holding the equivalent of a weird alien shake weight. So that makes
it case closed then right? Despite design superiority the lackluster energy
supply of the ironically named energy sword losses to even the most low-tech
of protosabers. But hold on to your rat’s tail Qui-Gon
because after doing the research ten swings may be more than enough time
for our elite to finish off a saber wielding Rey. Remember our ground rule at
the beginning, that in this contest no consideration will be given to any force powers we’re talking strictly design and
function of the blade and though a ten swing battery might sound like it sucks,
in the real world without force powers or respawning when two people fight each
other with swords the fight only ever lasts a minute or two and most of that
time isn’t spent swinging swords around frantically it’s been poking each other
at a distance. Just think about fencing, you guys
clearly watch those right? I mean they’re pretty awesome so you should
especially during the Olympics they’re incredible. Anyway let me tell you, in fencing
matches rarely if ever are you getting to 10 swings. Contact is made within one or two jabs
usually, in fact most experts out there today believe that most actual sword
fights never even get to the point where someone would try to do a two-handed
swing because of how completly dangerous it is to do. It leaves
you wide open. Instead fights, if they did happen had
one or two clashes of Steel at most before someone was on the ground
bleeding out and in this situation under these rules
in the argument of light sabres vs energy sword it’s actually Halo that
comes out on top. Yes the battery life might suck but
design superiority wins the day, although let me be clear I love them
both. Don’t pull a death battle and rain down a lot of hate on me this is really
just meant to be a thought experiment where I could teach you about plasma,
light energy and sword design. Not saying that one is like, cooler than the other or
whatever I’m saying in the battle between two fictional swords that are
basically the same but designed slightly differently this one functions slightly better than
this other one. Ok I’m still gonna get a lot of hate for
this episode aren’t I? But hey that’s just a theory a game theory! Thanks for watching. Hey if you enjoy Star Wars then you’ll
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spoiler alert.


  1. The thing with this is the swords in fencing are sooooo much thinner than lightsaber and energy sword so it’s easier for the fight to go for longer


  3. when you don't care much for Star Wars but you love game theory so you sit threw an episode on it cause you can't miss a single episode

  4. But since the halo sword had 2 blades it would take even more energy so would it die in like 2 minutes when the light saber is 1 blade and isn't a complicated shape so it wouldn't need as many magnetic field to control the plasma

  5. they wouldent bleed out XD ik he knows but the blade is so hot that it seals the wound with heat (i forgot what it was called)

  6. Could you not just cut the energy sword down the middle? Yeah the lightsaber gets caught but it doesn't take a genius to then just chop the thing in half.

  7. Just want to point out to all the people that keep making the statement about just running the lightsaber down the middle of the energy sword to cut the hand of your opponent. Do you think it's smart to slide your weapon down the middle of something that was designed to stop and break anything caught inbetween the points? And the whole turning off the saber and turning it back on again thing is a joke. In the time it takes to deactivate and then reactivate your lightsaber I would have already ran you through with my energy sword. Let use common sense here people

  8. Mat pat 3 yrs ago: 2:07 “and nobody wants to talk about midichlorians”
    2019 matpat: *does an entire video about the science of midichlorians

  9. its a good video but the the part with the gases for the lightsabers is wrong it all comes down to the jedi like green are for jedi that trust more in the force and blue is for soldiers like obi wan kenobi and red for the sith because they make the kyber crystal (the power source) bleed but eny way i enjoyed the video keep it up

  10. a lightsaber isn't actually made of light it's a laser actually a really condensed form of laser
    P.S Matpat you do realize the old republic isn't canon anymore right? Disney literally stated this to everyone so any evidence you pull from the old republic area isn't valid anymore

  11. Matpat: so i say my friend the winner goes too……The Halo Energy Sword!!
    me: Aw man
    another explanation
    Matpat:and that means my friend the winner goes too… The Light Saber!!
    and another explanation
    matpat:so my the real winner is……The Halo Energy SWORD!!!
    me:so who is the winner?

  12. if the lightsaber gets stuck in the middle of the two blades of the energy sword, why cant the lightsaber wielder just.. slice through the hilt…?

  13. A lightsaber isn't made of plasma. The first lightsabers to ever be made were, indeed, made of plasma. Also the lightsabers are powers by a crystal and the color of the lightsaber had nothing to do with gases and whatever you're talking about. Lightsaber colors are made from your stance in the force and you would have to bond with your crystal to get your color.

  14. Wouldn't the blade near the wrist on the energy sword be a safety hazard for the wielder? Any twisting of the wrist due to technique or just recoil from a blow would probably result in you cutting off your own hand.

  15. Ya except the fact that you could cut yourself or your own hand off with the energy sword. Those parts going down to the wrist make that weapon very dangerous, and 1 wrong move or even a hard block could ram those into your wrist. You really should have considered that flaw, also the lightsaber can be weilded 2 handed for strength or 1 handed for speed, making it more versatile and more precise and effective. There is no way the energy sword would have even a slight edge(pardon the pun) over the lightsaber.

  16. I know that this vid is like really old but in the game forced unleashed you find out that light sabers colors come from crystals not gases. So the light saber needs a reworking theory

  17. what about the crystal part of the lightsaber what do they do and the laser like beem going though the centre of the crystal pls explain i am so confused but do remember this series has space wizards and huge illogical death stars and fire in space

  18. I just wanna point out that the Energy Sword's "hilt" is SUPER unsafe for the wielder. The points around the hilt are what make it so dangerous. Firstly, they are pointed blades pointing towards the wielder, which is a ridiculous poor decision for reasons of accidentally stabbing oneself. Secondly, those same points angle INTO the wielders arm. If an opponent were to swing specifically for those points the blow will glance off and be directed straight into the Energy Sword wielders arm which will cause (surprise) a limb decapitation. A better design would be to have those points curve or angle outwards at the tip. Maybe from a theoretical stand point you're correct, the energy sword may be better. Practically though, you are quite wrong, the design is poorly thought out for practical combat. It does look cool though. I've also just realized this is a video from almost 4 years ago….

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