When there’s something wrong with your baby, if you know what to do you will give them the best chance of survival. If something has happened to your baby, you will need to do a primary survey. This is a quick, orderly way for you to find out if your baby has any injuries or conditions that are life-threatening. You should always perform a primary survey before treating your baby because it will help you find out what’s wrong and the best way to help them. We can use the initials DRABC or Dr. ABC to remind us of the steps we need to follow. These initials stand for danger, response, airway, breathing and circulation. To perform a primary survey, first you need to ensure that there is no danger. That means nothing near the baby that may cause further harm to them or to you.
This is to avoid any injury to you and to prevent you from becoming a casualty as well. Look around quickly and make sure it’s safe to approach. If you see any danger, or anything hazardous nearby, clear it away quickly. Try to see if your baby responds to you by gently tapping or flicking the sole of their foot and call their name. They are unresponsive if they don’t respond to you. Martha, can you hear me? Next you will need to check their breathing. To check for normal breathing open the airway, place one hand on your baby’s forehead and very gently tilt their head back. With one finger, gently lift the chin to open the airway and check to see if they’re breathing. If your baby is not breathing normally, ask a helper to call 999 or 112 for emergency help. If you’re on your own, use a mobile on speaker phone so you can start CPR as soon as possible. If you don’t have a speaker phone, begin CPR for one minute, before making the call yourself. If your baby is breathing normally, check to see if they are bleeding, this will enable you to stop blood loss from the circulation. Try to treat or control any severe bleeding.
If your baby is not bleeding severely, place your baby in the recovery position. Just cradle the baby towards you, in your arms, with their head tilted downwards. This will help keep the airway clear and prevent them from inhaling any vomit. Keep monitoring their breathing until help arrives. If they stop breathing, open their airway and start CPR. So remember, do a primary survey to find out what’s wrong as quickly as possible. We do this by checking for danger, check for a response, open their airway and check their breathing. If they aren’t breathing, call for help, ask a helper to dial 999 or 112 for emergency help and begin CPR. If you’re on your own, use a speakerphone and start CPR as soon as possible. If you don’t have a speakerphone does CPR for a minute before calling for emergency help. If they are breathing normally, check their circulation, check for severe bleeding and treat if necessary. If there is no severe bleeding, hold them in the recovery position until help arrives. If they stop breathing, open their airway and begin CPR.