Burns and scalds are damage to the skin caused by heat. A burn is usually caused by dry heat and a scald is caused by wet heat. You need to stop the burning by cooling the burn as soon as possible. This will decrease the severity of the injury. If someone has a severe burn, they may develop shock, which is a life-threatening condition and they will need to get to the hospital as soon as possible. There are five signs which may be seen when someone has a burn or scald. Red skin, swelling, blisters on the skin, peeling skin or the skin may be white or scorched. If someone has a burn or scald, move them away from the source of the heat to stop the burn getting any worse, then start cooling the burn as quickly as possible. Place it under cool running water for at least 10 minutes or until the pain feels better. Don’t use ice, gels or creams as this could damage the tissue and increase the risk of infection. If the burn looks like a serious burn, or it’s to a child, is larger than the size of the casualty’s hand, is a burn to their face, hands or feet, or if it’s a deep burn then call 999 or 112 for emergency help.
If possible, get someone to do this for you while you continue to cool the burn or use the speakerphone if you’re on your own. Gently remove any jewelry or clothing near the burn unless it is stuck to it. When the burn is cooled cover it lengthways with cling film, get rid of the first two turns of film and then apply it lengthways over the burn. Use a plastic bag if you have no kitchen film, this will protect the burn from infection. Never burst any blisters which may have formed as this may increase the risk of infection. Do not use ointments or fats to treat the burns as this may increase the risk of infection. Special burns dressings and gels are not recommended. You may also need to treat the casualty for shock. So remember when treating burns and scalds, move the casualty away from the heat source, place the burn under cool running water for at least 10 minutes. If it’s larger than their hand, a deep burn, they’re a child, the burn is on their face, their hands on their feet call 999 or 112 for emergency help. Treat them for shock if necessary.
First Aid: Tick Bite
It is not recommended that neither you to try to suffocate the tick with petrol, alochol, ether or any other solvent – nor that you try to burn it with match First aid techniques:
1 – Remove the tick Take hold of the tick as close to the skin as possible with the help of a specially-designed tick removing tool gradually turn and remove it you can also use a pair of fine-tipped tweezers Do not squeeze its body too hard to avoid the tick injecting any infective fluids into the skin.
2 – Disinfect then disinfect the wound using alcohol or skin antiseptic.
3 – Monitor If you observe the breakout of a skin rash , spots, fever or flu-like symptoms: consult a doctor! As certain ticks can cause a rare-but-serious disease known as Lyme disease which can be treated with antibiotics and vaccinations.