If you ever find your baby is not responding to you, you will give them the best chance of survival if you know what to do. If you have found your baby unresponsive and not breathing normally, you’ll need to perform baby CPR. Call for help. Ask a helper to call 999 or 112 for emergency help. Use a mobile speakerphone if you’re on your own, so you can start CPR as soon as possible. If you’re on your own and you don’t have a speakerphone, you need to do CPR for a minute before you can call for help. Place them on a firm surface and open their airway. With one hand on the forehead, gently tilt their head back. With your finger tip, gently lift the chin to open the airway. Pick out any visible obstructions from the mouth and nose. Step one is ‘puff’. Take a breath, put your lips around your baby’s mouth and nose make a seal. Blow gently and steadily for up to one second. The chest should rise. Remove your mouth and watch the chest fall. That’s one rescue breath or ‘puff’. Do this five times. Step two is ‘pump’, or chest compressions.
Put two fingers in the centre of your baby’s chest and push down a third of the depth of the chest. Release the pressure, allowing the chest to come back up before pressing back down again. Repeat this 30 times at a rate of 100-120 pumps per minute. This is quite quick. After 30 chest pumps, open the airway and give a further two puffs. Continue to alternate between thirty chest pumps and two puffs if you’re on your own and don’t have a speakerphone, stop after one minute and call 999 or 112 for emergency help. If a mobile phone is not available and you have to move to get to a telephone, take the baby with you. Keep repeating 30 pumps then two puffs until help arrives or they become responsive. So remember: if your baby’s unresponsive and not breathing, call for help. Ask a helper to call 999 or 112 for emergency help. If you’re on your own use the speakerphone and start CPR soon as possible. If you don’t have a speakerphone, do CPR for a minute before calling for emergency help. Give five initial puffs, covering both the nose and mouth, then 30 chest pumps with two fingers to the centre of the chest. Continue CPR with 30 pumps and two puffs until help arrives.
First Aid: Minor Burn
1 – Remove the source If possible, remove whatever caused the burn from the area.
2 – Run water over the burn Immediately run cool, not cold, water over the burn until the pain subsides. Remove clothing around the burn unless they are stuck to the skin. If you are unsure how serious the burn may be, contact a doctor or emergency services for medical advice.
3 – Apply a sterile bandage Or, if not possible, make a bandage out of sterile compresses.
4 – Monitor the burn Monitor the burn to see if it becomes red, hot, or painful. If so, consult a physician. Never burst a blister. Once a blister breaks, it becomes an open door for microbes that may cause infection.
5 – Tetanus shot? Make sure that the burn victim’s tetanus records are up to date. If in doubt, contact their physician.